Barpeta and its beauty

Barpeta is known as "Land of the Satras".Saint, Scholar and Cultural exponent Srimanta Sankardeva and his able disciple Shri Shri Madhabdeva who arrived from Upper Assam back in the 16th century to lay down strong foundation of Assamese Culture in the region through his socio-religious Vaishnava-reform movement. This reform movement left a historic legacy. Barpeta Satra and various other Satras scattered around the district attract devotees from every nook and corner of Assam.

River Brahmaputra flows across the southern part of the district, along with its tributaries like Beki, Manah, Pohumara, Kaldia, Palla, Nakhanda, Marachaulkhowa and Bhelengi. Near Barpeta town, Pohumara and Kaldia rivers join to form river Nakhanda. Palla and Beki rivers also join Nakhanda to form Chaulkhowa River.

Several eras, Barpeta was ruled by the different dynasties, including Varmans, Salasthamas, Palas, Kamatas and the Koches. Later in 1841, the region became a civil sub-division, which was administrated by John Batlor. Barpeta district was created in 1983 when it was split from Kamrup district. On 1st June 2004, it lost part of its territory to the newly formed Baksa district.

Dance forms like Devadasi nritya, Jhumura nritya, Sali nritya, Sutradhari nritya, Gopi nritya and Raja nritya, to name a few, are also the integral part of culture of this region. Barpeta is also famous for its traditional crafts like pottery, wooden crafts, masks, gold ornaments and ivory carvings. The household bell and brass metal industry of town of Sarthebari in this district, is renowned worldwide.

The foundation of Assamese culture and heritage in the district was laid by Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardeva. Satras, which are the cultural institutions or monasteries, are an integral part of the culture of this region. These were established for the propagation of Vaishnavite faith, however over the course of time, these have been transformed into open universities that teach education, music, dance, sculpture and drama. Cultural art forms like borgeet, ankiya geet, holi geet and loka geet are typical of this district.

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