Economy of Assam

About 63% of the state’s working force are engaged in agriculture and alied activities. Principle food crop in rice. Cash crops are jute, tea, cotton, oil seeds, sugarcane, potato and various fruits, which are grown on a smaller scale. The state has a gross cropped area of about 27,52,601 hectare, more than 79% accounting for foodgrain  crops. Paddy alone covers about 24,20,000 hectare. Area under forest in the state I s 20,88,183 hectare (excluding un-classed state forest), as on 31.03.2005.

NUMBER OF TOURIST TO ASSAM & REVENUE EARND FROM TOURIST

Year                    Indian Tourist            Foreign Tourist       Total Revenue Earning

                                                                                                              (Rs. In lakh)

2004-2005            20,820                             804                                      60.44    

2005-2006            24,280                             755                                      87.11

2006-2007            20,279                             649                                      81.30

*Figures represent records of Government Tourist Lodge, Assam

Source: Statistical Hand Book, Assam

AREA UNDER PRODUCTIOON OF SOME PRINCIPAL CROPS

Crops(in tonnes)                          Area Covered(in hectare)                    Production

Rice                        (2005-2006)           24,20,000                                       35,52,000

Maize                     (2005-2006)                  19,000                                            14,000  

Wheat                    (2005-2006)                  50,000                                            54,000  

Cotton*                  (2005-2006)                    1,000                                               1,000

Jute**                     (2005-2006)                  57,000                                         5,79,000

Banana                  (2005-2006)                  42,000                                         5,78,000              

Orange                   (2005-2006)                     7000                                            74,000  

Potato                     (2005-2006)                  70,000                                         3,54,000

Onion                     (2005-2006)                     8,000                                             18,000

Suger-cane           (2005-2006)                   23,000                                         8,71,000

Tobacco                 (2005-2006)                     1,000                                               1,000

Chillies                  (2005-2006)                   15,000                                               9,000    

*’000’bales of each 170 kg. **’000’ bales of each 180kg. *** in terms of cane

PRODUCTION OF SOME SELECTED INDUSTRIES 2006-2007

Petroleum Crude                             44,26,000                                             tonnes

Coal                                                    10,58,000                                             tonnes

Fertilizer                                               3,08,303                                              tonnes

Jute Textiles                                             7,227                                               tonnes

Cement                                               1,75,000                                               tonnes 

Tea(2000)                                           5,30,926                                               tonnes

 

Of the agriculture-base industries, tea occupies an important place. Tea gardens in the State occupy an area of about 2,71,768 hectare. Assam has over 43,293 tea estates and contributes 15.6% of world’s tea production and 55% of the country’s tea output.

Assam is the first state in the country where oil was struck in 1889 at Digboi. Petroleum and  petroleum products amount to  a large share of the country‘s total output of petroleum and natural gas. The State has four oil refineries. Besides a public sector fertilizer factory at Namrup, the industries located in the State are sugar, jute, silk, paper, plywood manufacture, rice and oil milling. A polyester spinning mill has also been establised at Kamrup district.

TEA STATISTICS    

Year               No. of Gardens Area Under Tea Cultivation Total Production (in ‘000 kg) 
2002 43272 2,70,683 4,33,327
2003 43293 2,71,589 4,34759
2004 43293 2,71,768 4,35649
2005* NA 2,72,000 4,74,137
INDIA'04 129027 5,21,403 8,92,965

*Estimated, NA= Not Available

DISTRICT-WISE TE STATISTICS

Year No.of Gardens Area Under Tea Cultivation Total Production(in‘000 kg)
Darrang NA 41,350 82,995
Goalpara NA 3,643 5,740
Kamrup NA 3,460 4,015
Lakhimpur NA 4,875 8,387
Dibrugarh NA 95,200 2,06,000
Nagaon NA 8,135 11,560
Sivasagar NA 77,230 1,04,000
Cachar NA 32,149 45,110
Karbi Anglong NA 1,923 1,910
NorthCacharHills NA 4,035 4,420
Assam NA 2,72,000 4,74,13

*estimated, NA = Not Available

Source : Statistical  Hand Book, Assam

Assam holds a unique position in respect of mineral oil production. Other mineral found in the State are coal, limestone, refractory clay, dolomite and natural gas.

The Cottage industries of Assam includes handloom, sericulture, manufacture of cane and bamboo articles, carpentry, smithy and manufacture of brass utensils. Assam is the largest producer in the world of die golden, coloured ‘Muga’ silk. AN export oriented handloom project has been established at  Sualkuchi to exploit the export potentialities of Eri and Muga silk textiles.

Irrigation & Power

A total of 5,35,212 hectare of irrigation potential have been created so far. Two major, five medium and 1,276 minor irrigation schemes have been completed in 2005-2006.

IRRIGATION STATISTICS

  • Irrigation potential utilized during the year 2004-05         60,762.37             hectares
  • Irrigation potential created upto 31.03.2006                        5,35,212             hectares
  • Target and Achievement for creation of additional irrigation potential during 2005-2006

                 Target for 2005-06                                                    14,796.00           hectares

                 Achievement during 2005-06                                   2,422.00           hectares

  • Gross area irrigated in Assam during the year 2005-06   67,139.16 hectares

Source: Statistical Hand Book, Assam

Assam has an installed capacity of power generation of about 401.50 MW (2007-08). The major power stations are Chandrapur  Thermal Project, Namrup Thermal Project and a few Mobile Gas Turbine units along with 4*5 MW mini hydroelectric project. Nearly 70% of the villages numbering 18,168 have been covered under rural electrification upto 31.03.2006.

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