Famous Places of Assam

Abhayapuri
Situated about 20 kms north-east of Joogighope in Bongaigaon district is  an
Important commercial place. Among many temples located at Abhayapuri, the family temple is famous for its Goddess Abhaya made of eight metals.

Alipukhuri
Situated near Bordowa, at a distance of about 14 kms from Nagaon, is the birth place of Srimanta Sankardeva and is naturally held in very high veneration by the people of Assam, Bordowa Satra is a famous Vaishnavite temple of Assam. There is a Kirtan Ghar (prayer house) here. A piece of stone lie near the  Kirtan Ghar. The piece of stone is held extremely valuable as it is believed that the stones bears the mark of Srimanta Sankardevas footprint. This stone is known as Pada sila (foot stone). Fakua (Holi) festival and the birth and death anniversaries of the Vaishnava Saints are observed there with great grandeur.

Amingaon
Situated in the north bank of the Brahmaputra, near Guwahati, Amingaon is humming with industrial activities with a Vanaspati Plant, a mini Steel Plant and a mini Paper Plant. The Inland Container Depot located here is also proposed to be upgraded to a dry port.

Ashwaklanta or Ashwakranta
On the north bank of the Brahmaputra, opposite Guwahati, where the third Pandava Arjun is believed to have watered his horse while undertaking journey during Aswamedh Jajna.

Badarpur
It is one of the biggest railway junctions under North-East  Frontier Railways. There is a paper mill at Panchgram, near Badarpur.

Barpeta
District headquarters of Barpeta and 140 kms. West of Guwahati by road. It is the traditional home of Vaishnavite art and culture. Mahapurush Shri Madhavdeva established the famous Vaishnavite temple Barpeta Satra in this town in the 15th century. Douljatra (Holi) festival is celebrated here with pomp and hilarity. In 1939, third institution of higher education of the State was established in this town. The renowned Vaishnavaite temples of Assam Patbausi Satra and Sundaridia Satra are situated near the vicinity of this town. Barpeta is famous for wonderful Assamese ornaments. Its wood crafts and ivory works bear distinctive mark of excellence in exquisite design and exclusive quality.

Barpeta Road
Barpeta Road is the important railway station and biggest trade and commercial centre of Barpeta district. It is the gateway to the Manas National Park.

Bashisthashram
Situated in the southern most rim of Guwahati city on the Sandhyachal hill is a well known holy cum picnic spot, called Bashisthashram, after the great vedic rishi Bashistha, who is said to have lived here. Three streams named Sandhya, Lalita and Kanta – flow perennially and add grandeur to the place.

Batadrava (Bordoa)
Situated at a distance of about 18 kms. from Nagaon town, Batadrava (Bordoa) is famous Seat of the Vaishnavas. It is the birth place of Shrii Sankardeva, the Great Vaishnava Preacher of Assam. Fagua (Holi) festival and the birth and death anniversaries of the Vaishnava Saints are observed there with great grandeur.

Belsor
An important place and rural growth centre of Nalbari district. The Bilveswar Devalaya of Belsor is an important shrine of Assam.

Bhalukpung
Surrounded by mystic blue hills and evergreen forest Bhalukpung is situated on the bank of the river Jiabharali, 64 kms. from Tezpur and 250 kms from Guwahati, it is on the border of Arunachal Pradesh. Bhalukpung is famous for its unique natural beauty and angling.

Bhomoraguri
On the bank of the Brahmaputra about 11 kms east of Tezpur, it has of late become important as Brahmaputra connecting the south bank at Silghat. A mammoth stone iinscription made by the Ahm General Kalia Bhomora Phukan, who planned to construct a bridge over Brahmaputra could be seen here. Almost two centuries later, a bridge over Brahmaputra at the same place has now been completed. The 3.05 km. bridge named after the great Ahom General, connecting Nagaon district with Tezpur was opened for vehicular traffic by the Prime Minister of India on 3.4.1987.

Bilasipara
The sub-divisional town of Dhubri district, Bilasipara is situated at a distance of 44 kms north-east of Dhubri. It is an important river port and a trade centre. Its principal exports are jute, kalai and fish. Biscuits and bidi are manufactured here. Industrial importance of Bilasipara has been enhanced by the cigarette factory, a major industry, set up by AIDC under joint sector.

Biswanath Chariali
The sub-divisional town of Sonitpur district, Biswanath Chariali, is situated at a distance of about 74 kms. east of Tezpur town. It is also a place of great antiquity. There is one temple known as Biswanath temple located at  the confluence of Briddhaganga (Burigang) with the Brahmaputra. From the stone post, beam and other ruins found there it is believed that once there was a stone temple. Now there is no permanent temple. During the summer the temple remains under water. Only in winter worship is done by constructing temporary house. A mela is held there on the third day of the Assamese Bihu festival. Formerly a steamerghat, Biswanath Chariali is fast growing into a busy  town. Besides other industries, there is also a co-operative Sugar Mill at Lehugaon.

Bokajan
 Sub-divisional headquarter of Bokajan sub-division   of Karbi Anglong district. There is a Cement factory at Bokajan, important marketing centre. Well known for sugar-cane cultivation. The growing town also has rice mills and plywood factories.

Bongaigaon
The district headquarter of Bongaigaon district. It is one of the biggest railway junctions besides being an important trade centre of the State. The States second public sector refinery and petro-chemical complex (Bongaigaon Refinery) has given further fillip of towns industrial growth. Rapid growth of large and medium scale industries has given rise to ancillary industries at Bongaigaon.

Chandubi Lake
About 64 kms form Guwahati on the National Highway to Goalpara is the beautiful Chandubi Lake, a natural lagoon. Its surroundings are broken by cliffs and forests and makes an ideal holiday resort.

Chapanala
Situated about 22 kms away from Nagaon town it is a place that can boast of a waterfall and it attracts tourists and picnickers. Chapanala has flown from Karbi Anglong Hills. There are three rostrum like pits of this fall. The top most pit is 228 metres high from the ground level. There is a legend that Champawati, the daughter of King Hangsaddhvaj used to bath in the lowest pit on the 7th lunar day of the month of Magha, he/she earns holly blessings and gets cured of diseases.

Charaideo
The first capital of the Ahom kings, built by Sukapha, the founder of the Ahom dysnasty, is 28 kms. east of Sivasagar own. It is famous for the numerous Maidums or burial venues of Ahom kings and other members of the royal families. It resembles to some extent the pyramids of Egypt.

Chariduar
Located at about 34 kms north of Tezpur, Chariduar is famous for forest products exported to various parts of the State. During the 19th century, the rubber tapped at Chariduar yielded handsome revenue. A big old tank, named Boli Pukhuri, situated in Chariduar are is associated with the mythological Kings
Boli and Banasur, Remnants of ancient stone temples, built between 11th to 12th century are found scattered in and around the area. Besides various public institutions, a cotton spinning mill is also located at Chariduar.

Da-Parbatia
The oldest relics until now discovered are preserved in the village of Da-Parbatia about 5 kms west of Tezpur. The stone door-frame preserved in the village is considered to be of 5th or 6th century. The ruins of the door-frame of Da-Pabatia is perhaps the finest and the oldest specimen of sculptural or iconoclastic art of Assam. The door-jumps having two goddesses, Ganga and Yamuna standing below with garlands in hands in artistic pose and elegance are decorated with beautiful ornamental foliage. The architecture of the stone door-frame is believed to be of the Gupta era.

Darranga
Darranga is about 50 kms from Guwahati. During the winter season, the Bhutanese come here for the purpose of trade their wares consisting of woolden cloth, stones, chamars, musk, horses, dogs, etc. The Darranga fair is held every year from November to March.

Dergaon
The Assam Co-operative Sugar Mill is located at Barua-bamun gaon near here. There is also the Police Training Centre. It is welknown  for an oldest temple, namely Negheriting Siva Doul.

Dhekiajuli
An important centre of trade and commerce of Sonitpur district. Situated at about 43 kms west of Tezpur, the town is well connected by roads and the commercial importance of the town has gone up considerably. Various types of cottage and small industries, rice mills, saw mills etc. have been established here. The Dhekiajuli police firing on 20th September 1942 is a landmark in the history of freedom movement in Assam.

Dhemaji
District headquarter of Dhemaji district. Inhabited mostly by plains tribals. Mising, one of the colourful tribes celebrate Ali-ai-ligang, an annual festival that draws large number of people from plains and Arunachal. Mising Bane-Kebang is also held every year, where the tribals discuss about their development programmes in social, cultural and economic spheres. Likabali in Dhemaji is the gateway to Siang district of Arunachal. The Malini than (shrine) of the mythological importance relating Shri Krishna is near here. Large excavation is going on here and ancient relics were found. The elephant-drawn carts found nowhere in the world still exist here.

Dhubri
The headquarter of Dhubri district. 286 kms from Guwahati by road, on the north bank of river Brahmaputra. Dhubri is a place of historical importance and legends are woven around some of the sites in its vicinity. The Netai Dhubuni Ghat related to the myth of Beula and Lakhindar is in here. The Gurudwara here is said to be the oldest Sikh temple of Assam. The mosque of Hussain Shah, supposed to be erected during Mir-Zumlas time is located here. Well connected by road, rail and river, Dhubri is one of the biggest business centres of the State. The Assam Match Factory located at Dhubri is a major industry of the State. This town is also the main centre of higher education of west Assam. The only air port of the district, Rupsi is located here.

Dibrugarh
The district headquarter of Dibrugarh district, surrounded by tea gardens, the town is an important nerve centre of tea, coal and oil industries. A lovely riverside town in Upper Assam, Dibrugarh is situated 443 kms east of Guwahati. Dibrugarh, even after erosion of a major part of the original town by successive waves of Brahmaputra floods, continues to matter much in the economy of the region. Well served by road, rail and airways, the town is also an important centre of cultures and education. The States oldest medical College, Assam Medical College, the Dibrugarh University and the Dibrugarh Station of All India Radio and Doordarshan have further enhanced it importance as an educational and cultural centre.

Digboi
Assams oldest oil town. There is an oil refinery in Digboi owned by Assam Oil Company. In the form of crude production Digboi contributes immensely towards the growth of the countrys economy. Digboi is situated 540 kms east of Guwahat.

Diphu
A small sleepy village even a decade back, Diphu, the present headquarters of Karbi Anglong as well as of its District Council, has now developed  into a busy town. Several educational institution have come up in the town in recent times and small industries including a plywood factory have enhanced its importance as an industrial centre too. Motorable roads connect the town with important places in the plains. It is situated at a distance of 269 kms from Guwahati by road.

Doboka
In Nagaon district, a place of historical importance. Hindu relics of ancient times still exist there. The area around Doboka is considered to be the Dobok kingdom as inscribed in the Allahabad inscription of Samudragupta.

Duliajan
An important oil town of Dibrugarh district. Oil Indias eastern headquarter is located here.

Fakiragram
Situated between Sapatgram and Kokrajhar. It is an important railway station and a business centre and its proximity to several reserved forests makes the place the biggest timber depot in Assam.

Garampani
The most important hotspring is situated in Nambar forest reserve in Golaghat district in Upper Assam. The medicinal properties of water of hotspring are well known. 20 km from Golaghat town, it is also a familiar hunt for various kinds of exotic birds and beasts.

Gargaon Palace
Gargaon, the principal town of Ahoms built by the king Suklenmung in 1540, lies 13 kms east of Sivasagar town. At one time, it was the principal capital of the Ahom kings. The palace, known as Kareng is a seven-storied brick building and was built in 1762 by king Rajeswar Singha.

Gauripur
Located at about 10 kms north of Dhubri, Gauripur was the seat of the former Zamindar of Gauripur since 1850. Gauripur is the headquarter of the Rural Industrial Project started during 1962-63 for intensive development of industries in selected rural areas of the State.

Goalpara
The district headquarter of Goalpara. An important trading centre from where the British East India Company too carried on trade with the Ahom kingdom. The town has a number of temples and hill top shrines. At Mornoi, nearby is situated a Sainik school which is the only institute of its kind in the State. The Naranarayan Setu, the second rail-cum-road bridge over Brahmaputra is situated here. The bridge connects Pancharatna of Goalpara with Jogighopa of Bongaigaon district.

Gohpur
Sub-divisional town of Sonitpur district. Gohpur declared sub-division of Sonitpur district, recently on January 26, 2000. Situated at a  distance of 134 kms east of Tezpur, Gohpur is a place of glorious struggle of the people of the area for the freedom of the country where the martyr Kanaklata Baruah and Mukunda Kakati were killed by police firing while attempting to hoist the national flag at Gohpur Police Station  on 20th September, 1942.

Golaghat
District headquarter of Golaghat district and about 50 kms from Jorhat and 305 kms off Guwahati. The great Garampani hotspring is located about 20 km from here in Nambor forest reserve.

Golakganj
Situated in Dhubri district it is an important railway station and noted for its timber trade. An aluminium industry has also come up at Golakganj. There is Satrasal Satra about 11 kms west of Golakganj which was established by Ramrai, brother of Sri Sankardeva.

Gossaigaon
Sub-divisional town of Kokrajhar district. Located on the bank of the Madati river, Gossaigaon is an important railway station. The town is also an important trade centre and rice grown in the neighborhood has resulted in several rice mills being constructed there.

Guwahati
The capital of many kings in the past, the modern city of Guwahati was in ancient days known as Pragjyotishpura, the light of the East. Because of its commanding position on the Brahmaputra and its direct link with the rest of the country. Guwahati may be considered to be the gateway of North-East India. It is a fine river port and the river scene particularly during sunset is an unforgettable sight. Guwahati is known as the Pancha Tirtha or the seat of five pilgrimages. They are Kamakhya, Umananda, Navagraha, Ugratara and Ashwaklanta, and also Chatrakar and Sukreswar Janardan. Guwahati becomes an important fast growing city in India not only as an industrial centre in eastern India and location of capital of Assam at Dispur, but also as a principal seat of learning and culture in the NE region. The Guwahati University at Jalukbari, Cotton College (oldest government college in Assam), a good number of Arts and Science Colleges, Engineering College, Medical College, Law College, Cancer Hospital, TB Hospital, Commerce College, College of Veterinary Science, Ayurvedic College, Sanskrit College, Women Colleges, Gandhi Mandap and Geeta Mandir are located here. The Oil Refinery, All India Radio Station, Doordarshan, Central Library, Museum, Historical and Antiquarian Studies Department, Planetarium, Nehru Stadium, State Zoo, Sankerdav Kalakshetra, Forensic Science Laboratory are situated here. Guwahati Tea Auction Centre, located near Janata Bhawan at Dispur is the worlds largest CTC tea auction centre and the worlds second largest in the terms of total tea. The public sector film studio is located in Guwahati. The regions common high court is located in Guwahati. The regions common high court is located in the heart of the city overlooking the Dighali Pukhuri, a magnificent beauty spot of Guwahati. A large number of Dailies, Weeklies, Bi-weekly, Fortnightlies, Monthlies are published from the city in English, Assamese, Hindi & Bengali. The headquarters of NF Railways are also in Guwahati. The city is linked with North Bank of Guwahati by a magnificent bridge known as Saraighat Bridge which serves as a road and rail link with the rest of the country. It was in the Saraighat, the great General of Assam Lachit Barphukan repulsed the massive attacks of Mughals and Pathans during Ahom period. Guwahati International Airport (Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi AIrport) at Borjhar is about 20 kms  from Guwahati.

Haflong
The district head-quarter of Norht Cachar Hills. Situated at 375 kms away from Guwahati, Haflong is a magnificent town with divine charm. It known as the Scotland of Assam for its natural beauty. Haflong, the centre of education and culture of the district  is also a tourists spot. Many tourists from all over the world come to Jatinga which is only 9 kms off the town. They come to watch the unexplained phenomenon of migratory birds committing mass suicide in the village of Jatinga and in the Haflong lack.

Hailakandi
District headquarter of Hailakandi district, the town is bounded by beautiful hillocks. It is famous for its supply of livestock and agricultural products to other part of the district.

Hajo
32 kms from Guwahati on the north bank of the Brahmapura is Hajo, known for its group of temples. Of these Hayagriba Madhav is the most important. A large number of Bhutanese visit this temple during winter. Another temple on a hill top is Kedar, where also lare number of people visit frequently. Hajo is also a place of pilgrimage for the Muslims. There is a mosque built by Pir Giasuddin Aulia and is held that it has one-sourth sagacity of Mecca and so it known as Poa-Mecca. It is believed that by offering prayer a faithful gains one-fourth (poa) spiritual enlightenment of what could be gained Mecca and so is known as Poa-Mecca. A section of the Buddhists believe that the Buddha attained Nirvana (salvation) at this place.  Hajo is therefore a meeting place of several religions.

Jagiroad
About 65 kms. west of Nagaon is Jagiroad, a fast growing commercial town of Marigaoon district. The Assam Spun Silk Mill and a paper mill are located here.

Jatinga
A small village 9 kms from Haflong. It is known throughout the world for the unexplained phenomenon of migratory birds committing mass suicide there.

Jogighopa
Situated about 35 kms south of Bongaigaon, Jogighopa is a historical place. It was the site of an Ahom fort and European colony. The religious importance of Jogighopa, where caves were sanctified by different ascetics, is enhanced by the Dudhnath temple with its rock-cut images of Siva and Parbati. It is an important river port and a vital trade centre. The Ashok Paper Mill located here is one of the States major industries. The Naranarayan Setu over the Brahmaputra connects Jogighopa with the south bank at pancharatna, Goalpara.

Jorhat
The district headquarter of Jorhat District. At one time, the capital was transferred from Sivasagar to Jorhat. The remains of few old relics like Raja Maidam, which was the vaults of the last Ahom King Purandar Singha and Yuvaraj Kameswar Singha and the Rajmao Pukhuri still exist in Jorhat. An important commercial centre of Upper Assam having direct link with Nagaland. The North-East Institute of Science and Technology or NEIST (formarly RRL
Regional Research Laboratory), the Tea Research Centre, the Engineering College, the Assam Agricultural University, the central office of the Asom Sahitya Sabha have turned Jorhat into an  important educational and cultural centre. Besides, there is a plywood factory at Mariani, a Regional Paddy Research Centre at Titabaor and oil wells and natural gas reserve at Borhola, all are near to Jorhat.

Joysagar Tank and Temples
The 318 acre watery expanse of Joysagar, 5 kms off the Sivasagar town, is the countrys biggest tank and it enlivens the noble sacrifice of Sati Joymati for saving her husband from the royal wrath. The tank was built by king Rudra Singha in memory of his mother Joymati in 1697. On its banks 3 temples were built in 1698 by the same monarch. These are the Joydoul (Vishnu Temple), the Sivadoul and the Devidoul which highly revered.

Kamakhya Temple
The Kamakhya Temple, located on the Nilachal Hil on the south bank of the Brahmaputra and is about  5 kms from Guwahati is considered to be one of the famous Pithasthana (sacred places) of India. During the Ambubashi festival, which is during the monsoon months, there is great rush of pilgrims to Kamakhya from all over the country. The temple is famous aas the centre of Shakti-worship. A motorable road winds its way up the hill to the temple. From the top of the hill, a panoramic view of Guwahati and the Brahmaputra can be witnessed.

Kampur
An important trade centre. Located at about 23 kms south of Nagaon. There is a Sugar Mill at Kampur.

Kareng Ghar & Talatal Ghar
A seven storied place having three storeys underground-known as Talatal Ghar and the upper storeys known as Kareng Ghar built by King Rudra Singha is only 4 kms from Sivasagar town. There were two underground tunnels from the Talatal Ghar connecting Dikhow river and Gargaon Palace which were later blocked by the East India Company.

Karimganj
District headquarter of Karimganj district, situated on the southern bank of the river Kushiara and at 49 kms west of Silchar and 332 kms of Guwahati. Karimganj is an important town and serves as a supply base of essential commodities for the neighbouring State of Tripura.

Kirtan Ghar
Kirtan Ghar is one of the prominent Vaishnavite shrines of Assam, is situated in Barpeta town. Mahapurush Madhavdava constructed a king of stage named Rangial Ghar with a view to performing songs, dance, bhauna etc. in Barpeta. He had made Shri Mathura Das Aata chief  (adhikar) of this institution before he went to Cochbihar. This Rangial Ghar caught fire in an accident and burnt to ashes. Mathura Das Aata established Kirtan Ghar at the same site. This is the biggest Vaishnavite temple of Assam. Three pedastals (Asana) are put in the name of Shrimanta Sankardeva, Madhavdeva and Badula Aata here in this Kirtan Ghar, the east end of Kirtan Ghar, there is a bent house (Bhaj Ghar), where a big earthen pitcher is kept on the north part as a container of mustard oil. There is a faith or saying that, - that pitcher gets filled with oil automatically. Yartra-Bhauna etc are performed at the open area in front of Kirtan Ghar. Holi is celebrated here with traditional gaiety. Here this festival is also called Doul Utsav. Since time immemorial Kirtan Ghar attract large number of devotees from all over the state, particularly during Doul Utsav.

Kokrajhar
District headquarter of Kokrajhar district, Kokrajhar has a flourishing railway station and is well connected by roads too. Kokrajhar is a prominent centre of timber business.

Lumding
An important railway junction and also important trade centre. Various small scale industries including candle works and  trunk factories are located at Lumding.

Maibang
A place of historical importance in North Cachar Hills. It was the last capital of the Kachari Kingdom. Some ruins relating to the ancient place of Kachari Kings are still lying in obscurity at Maibang. Two inscribed stones and the rock-cut temple can still be seen here clearly. Located on the bank of the river Mahur and 47 kms from Haflong Maibang is the sub-divisional town of Norht Cachar Hills district.

Majuli
Situated in the midst of river Brahmaputra, Majuli is the worlds largest river island with an area of about 929 sq km. Majuli is a place of great interest for the Assamese Vaishnavites because of the location there os several Satras which besides being religious monasteries are also the strongholds of important elements of Assamese art and culture. The major Satras like Kamalabari, Dakhinpat, Garamurh, Auniati, Bengenaati, Samaguri all are situated in Majuli. In Majuli, there were 65 Satras growing up for propagation of ethics and socio-cultural ideals. But at present there  are only 22 Satras in Majuli. The other had to be shifted to other safer places due to devastation of flood and erosion.

Malinithan
Malinithan or Malinisthan or abode of Malini is a temple site in ruins, is situated at the foot of the siang hills under the Likabali sub-division (Dhemaji) of the west Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The ruins are located within the periphery of foothill township of Likabali and 1 km from the Chilapathar – along road. Mythologically Malinithan is related to Krishna of Dwaraka. It is in the local legend that Krishna and Rukmini on their way back to Dwaraka had rested at this place, where they were greeted by Lord Siva and Parvati in their disguised forms as gardeners. Whereupon being satisfied Krishna addressed Parvati as Malini and said that she would be worshipped henceforth at this place by her new name Malini. Since then the place became famous as Malinithan or abode of Malini. There are many such legends regarding this temple. The ruins of Malinithan came to light in the first half of the last century when a troup of the Indian Army had tried to clear up the jungle on that area. The archaeological investigation revealed three temple bases, six well decorated icons, and huge quantities of architectural members. Many other ancient relics have been found here through large scale excavation. The elephant drawn carts found nowhere in the world add to its historical importance.

Mangaldoi
The district headquarter of Darrang district, Mangaldoi is traditionally associated with a Darranga bride of Ahom King Pratap Singha. Besides a number of educational institutions, Mangaldoi is the seat of several Central and State government offices.

Mankachar
Situated at 100 kms south  of Dhubri, Mankachar is an important commercial centre. Mir-Zumla, Commander-in-chief of Aurangzeb, constructed a mosque in 17th century who encamped here for a few days while coming to invade Assam.

Marigaon
The district headquarter of Marigaon district, Marigaon is an agricultural are mostly inhabited by backward people. The place is gradually developing into a full-fledged town with modern amenities.

Murkong-Chellek
Situated in Dhemaji district Murkong-Chellek is the last railway station of the North-East Frontier Railways and thus serves as the gateway to the eastern districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

Nagaon
District headquarter of Nagaon district. It is located at 123 kms of Guwahati. The town is advanced from economic and cultural point of view. Besides various cultural and sports activities, the Independence Day Football Cup Championship held here is worth mentioning. Important educational and cultural centre of Assam.

Nalbari
The district headquarter of Nalbari district. Nalbari has been famous as  a  seat of Sanskrit learning from the ancient times. It was described as the Navadwip of Assam in the past. The Sanskrit College of Nalbari and the numerous Tols (Sanskrit-teaching school) spread in and around Nalbari is a testimony of this legacy even today. The town itself has got a number of colleges and educational institutions. A college of Textile Technology is being set up near the town. The is a synthetic spinning mill at Nathkuchi near Tihu.

Namrup
An industrial town of Dibrugarh district. The countrys first fertilizer factory to use natural gas as raw material for synthetic gas production is located at Namrup. Establishment of a thermal power plant has further enhanced its importance.

Navagraha
It is a temple of nine planets and is situated in the east of Guwahati on the top of Chitrasal hill. In ancient times, it was said to have been a great centre of study of astronomy and astrology. This is also one of the reasons why Guwahati is referred to as the Pragjyotishpura or the city of Eastern Astrology.

Nazira
The sub-divisional town of Sivasagar district. Situated very near to Gargaon Palace, it is the headquarter of the eastern region of Oil & Natural Gas Commission Limited (ONGCL).

North Lakhimpur
The district headquarter of Lakhimpur district. Well connected by road, rail and air, the town has fast grown into an important commercial centre.

Pathsala
A flourishing town and is a cultural centre of Assam. Pathsala has played a pioneering role in popularizing mobile theatre movement of Assam.

Raha
Situated at about 22 kms west of Nagaon, Raha was an important Chowki (watch station) during the Ahom days. The place is an important trade centre for agricultural produce such as paddy, jute and mustard. A Fishery Training College is located at Raha.

Rangia
A big railway junction and the sub-divisional town of Kamrup (Rural) district. An Arabic college is located here. It is a centre of Islamic education and culture. Rangia serves also as a gateway to eastern Bhutan.

Sadiya
Sub-division of Tinsukia district and the eastern-most corner of Assam. It was known as Kundilnagar in the epic era and some interesting remains ascribed to the epic days enliven the love episode of Rukmini, the princess of Kundil and Lord Krishna. Places of rare scenic beauty abound in Sadiya area along the banks of the rivers Debang, Lohit, Balijan, Kundil, Deopani.

Sarthebari
In Barpeta district. The nerve cnetre of production of bell-metal utensils and brassware. It is about 75 kms from Guwahati.

Sivasagar
Sivasagar was the capital of the mighty Ahoms, who ruled Assam for more than six hundred years till the advent of the British. The town, dedicated to Lord Siva – its name literally meaning the ocean of Siva is strewn with tell-tale ruins of a powerful empire. The most remarkable landscape of the town is the 200 year old Sivasagar tank comprising 129 good acres. Although situated within the heart of the town, the water level of the lake is above the level of the town. On its banks are three temples
the Sivadoul, the Vishnudoul and the Devidoul, all three built by queen Madambika, wife of Siva Singha, in the year 1734. Of the temples, the gold domes Sivadoul is believed to be the tallest Siva temple in India. Its height is 104 feet and the perimeter is 195 feet, at the base. Sivasagar is 365 kms towards east of Guwahati and headquarter of a district of the same name. It is also a leading tea and oil producing town.

Silchar
Silchar is the headquarter of Cachar district, stands of the south bank of Barak river is an important commercial centre of the State. A medical college, a station of All India Radio, a TV station, a regional engineering college, a central university and several other organizations have helped the town grow in importance.

Silghat
A vital river port. Situated at a road distance of 53 kms from Nagaon. Besides being the place of the Assam Co-operative Jute Mill, Silghat also has several temples of enthrall visitors. A big Ashokastami Mela around a Durga temple atop Samantagiri hillock draws  big crowds from everywhere. The 3.05 kms long Kalia Bhomora Bridge over the Brahmaputra connects Silghat with the north bank at Tezpur.

Sipajhar
A densely populated village about 15 kms west of Mangaldoi town. Sipajhar was once  noted for the lac and endi, pat and muga rearing. One khadi and endi production centre is functioning here under the Khadi and Village Industries Board, Assam.

Sootea
Situated at about 63 kms east of Tezpur, Sootea is a railway station and important commercial centre on the North Trunk Road. The place was once a famous centre of pottery, brass an bell-metal works. A number of educational institutions including a Normal School have come up in Sootea and Sootea High School is stated to be the first rural high school established by the public in undivided Darrang district.

Sualkuchi
Situated at a distance of 24 kms from Guwahati, Sualkuchi is a renowned centre of silk production and is particularly known for no-mulberry variety called Muga.

Tangla
Situated about 32 kms north of Mangaldoi, Tangla occupies the key position in respect of trade and commerce in the northern part of Assam. It provides for the outlet of the bulk of tea produced in north Tangla tea gardens. Both wholesale and retail trade of rice and jute are done here which are grown intensively in this region.

Tezpur
The district headquarter of Sonitpur district and 198 kms away from Guwahati. Tezpur, known as a Sonitpur (city of blood) of Pouranic fame, is associated with the legend of Ushas love with Aniruddha, grandson of Lord Krishna. Architectural remains including the Agnigarh hill, the Bamuni hill, the Bhairavi temple, the Mahabhairab temple and the twin tanks
Bar Pukhuri and Padum Pukhuri found in and around the modern town still preserve the memory of king  Bana and his daughter Usha. The 3.05 kms  long Kalia Bhomora Bridge over the Brahmaputra connects Tezpur with the south bank at Silghat (Nagaon). Well connecte by road, rail and airways, the town is fast growing in commercial and industrial importance. Besides a number of educational institutions located here, special mention may be made of the Central University at Tezpur which is the first central university in the State. The famous Ban Stage of Tezpur is one of the oldest theatre halls of the State. The only mental hospital in the North-Eastern region for treatment of lunatics is situated here. Tezpur provides an  approach to the south west region of Arunachal.

Tinsukia
Tinsukia is 491 kms towards east of Guwahati and headquarter of a district of the same name was where the past Matak kings had heroically fought the Burmese hordes. It is now a railway junction and serves as a most important commercial centre of Upper Assam.

Udalguri
The district headquarter of Udalguri district and situated about 32 kms north of Mangaldoi. An important place of tribal life and culture, the Bhutanese come down here from the hills with their merchandise to attend a big fair held here annually since 19th century. The British Government maintained a fort at Udalguri with military police during the early part of their administration. The town, well connected by roads with important places of the district has a number of educational institutions and is an important paddy producing area.

Umananda
The smallest river island (area 16.335 bigha 2 kotha 5 lecha) nof the world, and situated in the middle of the Brahmaputra at Guwahati, Umananda, fondly referred to as the peacock island, is the seat of a Siva temple. During Sivaratri festival, hundreds of devotes ferry across to the mid-stream temple.

Source
Directorate of Information & Public Relations (Janasanyog), Assam & Directorate of Tourism, Assam.

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