History of Assam

The word Assam is derived from Sanskrit word Asoma meaning peerless. The land whose bewitching picture is conjured by name Assam' is in fact peerless, judged by her exquisite natural beauty, cultural richness and human wealth.

Known as 'Pragjyotisha' or the place of eastern astronomy in the earliest days and mentioned frequently in Indian scriptures, mythologies and poetical works as 'Kamrupa'. In later period, this eastern most State came to be known as 'Assam' after the mighty Ahoms took the administration of the land in 1228.

The first known mythological monarch of the land was Narakasura, a mighty and powerful Icing with Aryan influence bearing Dravidian blood. His successor, Bhagadatta, figured in the Mahabharata war leading a vast army against the Pandavas.

Another king Banasura fought against Sri Krishna, when Banasura's daughter Usha was kidnapped by Anirudha, the grandson of Sri Krishna. In another occasion also, Sri Krishna fought against King Bhismaka of Kundil in his bid to marry Bhismaka's daughter Rukmini.

Bhaskar Verma, who flourished in the seventh century was one of die greatest monarchs of eastern India. Other powerful dynasties ruling over Assam prior to the Ahoms were the Salastambhas, Palas, Varmans etc. A part of Assam including the present Coochbehar was ruled by Koch rulers from the early part of the 16th century to the early part of the 17th century.

Advent of the Ahoms across the eastern hills in 1228 AD was the turning point of Assam history. They ruled Assam nearly for six centuries (1228-1826). The Burmese entered through eastern borders and overrun the territory at a time when court intrigues and dissensions were sapping the vitality of the Ahom royality.

By the treaty of Yandabu in 1826, the Burmese ceded Assam to the East India Company. Since then Assam came under the British rule. But the British had no easy time governing the land as the people of Assam united to repel the foreigners. An exciting saga of martyrdom and sacrifice, this struggle for overthrowing the British yoke continued right up the birth of our country an Independent Nation.

The first Governor of independent Assam was Sir Akbar Haidari and chief minister was Gopinath Bordoloi who saw the foundations laid of Gauhati University (1948). Gauhati High Court(1948), Guwahati station of All India Radio. Gopinath Bordoloi died in 1950, and then Bishnu Ram Medhi took over as the next chief minister of Assam. His stint was from 1950-57. First Five-Year Plan was started in his time. Panchayat system of governance was introduced and the the agricultural sector got more importance in his tenure.

Bimla Prasad Chaliha was the third chief minister from 1957 to 1970. In 1958th the 66th session of Congress was held at Jalukbari, Guwahati. The Saraighat Bridge was constructed over the Brahmaputra river (1965), an Oil refinery was established at Noonmati, Guwahati in 1962 during his time.

In 1959-60 the famous language revolt took place in Assam, and as a result Assamese became the official language of the State and Bengali also enjoyed the same status in the Cachar District of Barak Valley.

Mohendra Mohan Choudhury assumed the mantle of chief minister in 1970. The foundation of Bongaigaon Petro-Chemicals, Paper Mill at Jogighopa and Jute factory at Silghat in Nagaon were laid in his tenure. In 1972 Sarat Chandra Sinha came to power after Congress secured absolute majority. In 1974 the capital was finally shifted to Guwahati from Shillong. 1978 witnessed in the Janata Dal coming to power in the State and

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