Jayanta Hazarika

Jayanta Hazarika and Bhupen Hazarika
Jayanta Hazarika
Jayanta Hazarika

Jayanta Hazarika popularly known as Rana, was born on September 20, 1943 to probably the most illustrious family of several gifted artistes and doyens of Assamese music. A younger sibling of musical prodigy Dr Bhupen Hazarika, Jayanta assisted his brother in composing and directing music for many Assamese films, although he composed the first tune in his life at the age of nine for lyrics written by one of his elder brothers, Nripen Hazarika. In His short life span of 34 years he performed playback singing for numerous Assamese films and made a number of vinyl records and audio cassettes. He is the first Assamese singer that targeted the urban youth with his music. His career in playback singing started in 1963 with Maniram Dewan, an Assamese feature film. He also sang for films like Lotighoti, Faguni, Chikmik Bijulee, etc. He was youngest of six children of Nilakanta Hazarika & Smt. Shantipriya Hazarika,the eldest among them is Dr. Bhupen Hazarika. Jayanta Hazarika was arguably the most melodious singer and composer in the world of Assamese music.

He was married to Manisha Sengupta in 4th aug, 1969. Mayukh Hazarika their only son, born on 13 January 1971 in kolkata is also a renowned singer /composer of Assamese modern music.

Late Jayanta Hazarika was an eminent singer, instrumentalist, composer and music director. His integration of Western notes into indigenous Assamese tunes positioned him as the archetype of a progressive Assamese musician. He was an expert in a legion of musical instruments including guitar, dumra, mandolin, accordion, tabla, mouth organ and more. He is also one of the few musicians who could play more than two octaves in the harmonium at a time.

This trendsetting musician independently composed some of the most memorable tracks of Assamese music. His euphonic contributions cover films like Niyati, Bonoria Phool, Brishti, Dharmakai and Natun Asha completed by his wife Manisha Hazarika after his death. Some of his evergreen numbers are Tomar morome mor, Dekha nai, Surat magan bhayal rati, Bhorir taluwar pora jodi, Ei akash bor bishal, etc. Besides, he had also composed music for many documentaries like Flora and Fauna of North East India, Wheels and the Horizon, Sanman and Jyoti Chitraban.

Jayanta Hazarika also had an immense love for composing music for plays and Dramas. During his stint with Lakhimi Theatre of Goalpara, he completed seventeen songs for five dramas, in addition to the background scores. He also handled the music for notable plays like Siraj by Phani Sarma, Baan by Prafulla Bora and Jinty, Janma, Yuddha Ghosanar Din, Jerengar Sati – produced by Progoti Silpi Sangha of Guwahati.

Jayanta Hazarika's avant garde style was inspired by the pioneering style of legendary filmmaker Jyotiprasad Agarwala. Like Agarwala, he combined the elements of Assamese folk, Indian classical and Western music to create a contemporary musical genre, yet entirely retaining his Assamese roots.

After his premature demise on October 15, 1977, he left behind his wife, veteran musician-singer Manisha Hazarika and a talented son, Mayukh Hazarika. Manisha was born and raised in a musical ambience in Kolkata, but chose to stay back in Assam after her husband's death to keep his legacy alive. Mayukh's singing has echoes of his father's vocals but has skilfully managed to create his own signature style over time.

The sheer depth, appeal and technical finesse of Jayanta Hazarika’s compositions were way ahead of their times and still continue to inspire aspiring musicians of successive generations. It is extremely unfortunate that his musical journey ended with his unexpected demise, bringing an abrupt halt to the mellifluous years ahead of him. His phenomenal musical legacy can never be encompassed in words.

In 1966 Jayanta made entry to the domain of film music, as assistant music director to his brother Dr. Bhupen Hazarika in the film Latighoti (1966,directed by Bhupen Hazarika). In his career he worked in 5 films as an independent music director.

  1. Bonoria ful ( 1971- directed by Atul Bordoloi)
  2. Brishti ( 1975- directed by Deuti Barua)
  3. Dharmakai (1977 directed by Bhaben Das)
  4. Niyoti ( 1978 directed by Indukalpa Hazarika)
  5. Natun Asha( 1977 directed by Prabir Mitra)

He was composing music for few more films, but couldn't complete them

  1. Rongamegh ( Directed by Atul Bordoloi)
  2. Enajori ( Directed by Gauri Barman, completed 5 songs of this film)
  3. Pohar ( Directed by Manik Bora, completed 2 songs)
  4. Upapath( Directed by Hemanta Dutta, finally his wife Manisha Hazarika composed the music for this film)


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