National Parks

Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is the home of the rare one-horned Indian rhinoceros (Unicorn). Situated at a distance of 217 kilometres from Guwahati and 97 kilometres from Jorhat, this famous National Park has an area of 858.98 sq kms. The landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, mellow marshes and shallow pools. So far the history of Kaziranga is concerned Lady Curzon first heard about Rhino of Kaziranga from her British tea planter friends and came to Assam in 1904-05. Although she could not see the animal but spotted hoof prints with three toes. Which concerned Lady Curzon that such an animal did exist. On her return she persuaded Lord Curzon to do something to save this animal from total annihilation. Lord Curzon set the wheels of British bureaucracy rolling and on 1st June, 1905, a preliminary notification announcing the intention of the Government to declare 57,273.60 acres of Kaziranga as a reserved forest was issued. Finally, Kaziranga was declared as reserved forest on 3rd January, 1908 and was officially closed for shooting.
On 28th January, 1913 the area of reserved forest was expanded with the inclusion of another 13,506 acres/ Kaziranga was declared a 'Game Sanctuary' on 10th November, 1916. In 1938 the then Conservator of forest, A J W Milroy stopped all poaching and opened Kaziranga to visitors. Because the word 'game' connotated animals for hunting, in 1950, then senior conservator of forest P D Straccy, changed the term to 'Wildlife Sanctuary'. Gradually the Sanctuary begun as a nucleus encompassing a small area, expanded to its present size. Finally on 11th February, 1974, the designation was changed to 'Kaziranga National Park'. Kaziranga was placed in World Heritage Site in 1985. In 2003 it came under Project Tiger as it houses the last surviving population of tiger. Wildlives: one-horned rhinoceros, elephants, Indian bison, swamp deer, sambar, hog deer, sloth bear, tiger, leopard, leopard cat, jungle cat, bog badger, capped langur, hoolock gibbon, jackal, goose, hornbills, ibis, cormorants, egret, heron fishing eagle etc.

Manas National Park
Manas National Park, spread over 500 km was recognized as a sanctuary in 1922. In 1973 it came under Project Tiger as it houses the last surviving population of tiger. This is the first Tiger Project in Assam. It was also placed in World Heritage Site in 1986 for its unique combination of scenic beauty and rare wealth of wildlife. It was set up as a National Park in 1990. However tiger are not only wildlife to be  found here. The rarest species of Manas are hispid hare, pigmy hog and golden langur. Other commonly seen animals are elephant, Indian rhinoceros, wild buffalo, wild boar, sambar deer, hog deer etc. Hundreds of winged species migrate  to the friendly climate of Manas during winter. Among them are riverchats (white capped redstars), fortails, cormorants and various types of ducks including the ruddy sheduck. The woodland birds are no less charming and include the Indian Hornbill and the Great Pied Hornbill. Manas is about 176 kms. From Guwahati.

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, in Tinsukia district, spread over 340 sq km is one of the largest National Park of Assam. The government of Assam recognized it as a sanctuary which was previously known as Dibru-Saikhowa Forest Reserve. It is known as the primary habitat of the white-winged wood duck, commonly known as Deo Hanh. Wildlives: Various species of monkey, land and aquatic bird and snake; deer, wild pig, tiger etc. On 9th March, 1999 the central government recognized it as a National Park. This is the only forest reserve of the world where wild horses are found. At  present there are about 200 wild horses in it.

Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park, spread over 200 sq km was known as Nameri Forest Reserve before its name was changed to Naduwar Forest Reserve on 17th November, 1978. Nameri was set up as a sanctuary on 18th September, 1985 with an area of 137sq.km which was actually a part of Naduwar Forest Reserve. Later another 75 sq km when it got the preliminary recognition as a National Park on 27th February, 1997. Finally,a on 15th November, 1998 it was officially established as a National Park. Presently it came under Project Tiger. Nameri is the heaven of many rare animals. The white-winged Deo Hanh (wood duck) is one of them. The other animals are black bear, many types of deers, butterflies, fish, elephant etc.

Orang National Park
Orang National Park was established as a sanctuary in 1985. On 13th April, 1999, the government recognized it as National Park. Covering an area of 78.81 sq kms Orang is a miniature Kaziranga. It is situated on the north bank of river Brahmaputra at Darrang district. The animals and birds to be found in this National Park are the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, elephant, leopard, sambar, barking deer, tiger and varieties of water birds, Green pigeon, florican, teal, gees, etc.

AREA OF THE NATIONAL PARKS

Name                                                             Area (sq km)
National Parks
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park                       340.00
Kaziranga National Park                                  858.98    
Manas National Park                                        500.00
Nameri National Park                                      200.00
Orang National Park                                           78.81

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